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Thursday, 19-May-2011 05:16 Email | Share | Bookmark
Why Captain Is Pronounced Kaptaan In India

In Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, and other Indian languages the word "Kaptaan" was a typical mispronunciation for the army rank of Captain from the English language. It's peculiar that this ought to be so----for today's era of Indians would pronounce Captain as possibly "Cap-tin" or "Cape-ton". It is not effectively-known even to students of Indian Heritage that English military ranks were actually derived from Aged French and Latin. They came into the Indian languages, not via English but by means of the original French----as a result "Kaptaan" is in truth the Indian version of the unique French word Capitaine.Equally the word "Jarnal/Jarnail" are mispronunciations of the outdated French Generalle and not the English Common. "Karnal/Karnail" is from the French Coronel and not the English Colonel. So too "Kumedan" is the aged Indian edition of the French Commandante. And lastly "Paltan" even though ostensibly tallying with the English Platoon, is really derived from the unique French Peloton.Now we know that the British Raj in India grew and perished in a period of time of beneath 200 a long time (1757-1947) and that the British Indian Army was designed in this time time period. So when and how did French military ranks occur into use in the Indian languages?In fact before the British Empire existed and down at least to 1800 when it was in the midst of forming, French army officers led and organized the armies of Indian Kings----from the Kingdom of Mysore in the quite south of India up to the Kingdom of Punjab in the northwest.The very first to attain fame was Marquis de Bussy who qualified the army of the Muslim Kingdom of Hyderabad in southern India----the infantrymen for this army were nearby Hindu Telegus. A section of this army, under the native commander Ibrahim Khan Gardi (commandant de la guard), joined the solutions of the neighboring Maratha Empire and fought with distinction in the 3rd Battle of Panipat (1761). Armed with French-produced Fusils the Telegu troopers repulsed the advancing army of Ahmad Shah Abdali as long as they had ammunition.Other mentioned officers ended up Rene Madec and Walter Reinhardt Le Sombre----the two of them emerged in North India alternatively serving kingdoms like Bharatpur, Dholpur and Jaipur but finally becoming a member of the shadowy Mughal Emperor and carving out their personal private estates in his service. Even though Madec returned home to France with his accumulated wealth, Le Sombre settled down in his estate of Sardhana and married and transformed (to Christianity) a Kashmiri dancing woman----identified to historical past as Begam Samru (here yet another French phrase Sombre, was pronounced in the Indian languages as Samru).The most impressive Frenchman in this period was Le Borgne de Boigne----he entered the solutions of the Maratha chieftain Mahadji Sindhia and helped him win a lot of well-known victories in North India (Battles of Agra, Patan, and Merta). Sindhia promoted him to the rank of "Jarnal" when he raised an complete army corps of Purbias and Ruhelas for his grasp. He was also noted for his civility, private honesty, and reasonable appraisal of the British ability.His successor Cuillier Perron, a especially dishonest officer, secretly transferred his accumulated hoards to English financial institutions for basic safety. At that time he was continually urging his Indian masters to battle the very same English! But when the time came for that battle (1803, the Second Anglo-Maratha War) Perron led his personal bodyguard across the River Yamuna into British territory, then bribed the boatmen to avoid the relaxation of the army from crossing more than, even though he obtained risk-free passage from the British back property to France.The other European officers at Aligarh, Agra, and Delhi, had been also in secret communications with the advancing British. They had all planned to desert to the English at the very first possibility and return to Europe with their accumulatedprosperity. But the following the heroic Indian soldiers Purbias, Marathas and Ruhelas, set their treacherous European commanders in prison and fought gallantly versus the British. They have been defeated, the units ended up disbanded, and numerous of these ready-bodied guys joined their Purbia brethren underneath British support.Thus ended the saga of French-dominated armies in India leaving behind only quaint phrases like Kaptaan as a reminder of that age!\nRelated Sites : army ranks


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